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April 2017 News from Fairway Green

Winter Injury At the time of this writing, we had not seen many lawns with signs of potential winter injury on warm season turf. However, damage may have occurred on some warm season turf on March 13th through the 17th when night time temperatures dipped to the low 30’s to upper 20’s with heavy frost…. Read more »

Winter Injury


Winter Injury on Zoysia

At the time of this writing, we had not seen many lawns with signs of potential winter injury on warm season turf. However, damage may have occurred on some warm season turf on March 13th through the 17th when night time temperatures dipped to the low 30’s to upper 20’s with heavy frost. We witnessed frost injury on some Fescue and Centipede lawns. Centipede is the most cold intolerant of all warm season turf. Many Ornamental trees and shrubs sustained major frost damage that week. Most will recover and be fine. Bermuda, Zoysia, Centipede and St. Augustine started transitioning out of dormancy the prior couple weeks due to warmer soil temperatures and could have setup these grasses for potential injury. We will know more in the coming weeks as we get closer to May. Warm season winter injury can be wide spread or just in micro-environments. Most warm season turf will start actively growing through May and June.

Pre-emergent Crabgrass Control

Crabgrass will usually start to germinate in late March or early April throughout the Transitional Zone. Germination will occur when soil temperatures are between 53 to 58 degrees and 3 to 4 inches deep. Crabgrass germination will be seen first in bare spots with little desirable turf and in full sun. Split applications of pre-emergent Crabgrass control perform well. There is still time if you missed your first application of pre-emergent to control a fair amount of Crabgrass, but you must act quickly.


Crabgrass Mid-summer

Proper Mowing Heights

Mowing season is underway (for cool season turf). Proper mowing height will help control weeds in the lawn. Research has proven that maintaining a mowing height of 3½ – 4” on fescue drastically reduces the amount of crabgrass in the lawn. Mowing at this height will also help promote healthy turf and hold back broadleaf weeds.

Many warm season turf lawns struggle to strive due to improper mowing height. Mowing your type of warm season turf will drastically improve the overall quality and appearance of the lawn. Bermuda in a home lawn requires mowing every few days at 0.5” to 1.5”. Mowing at this height encourages denser turf and spreading. The lawn will look thin and grow upward if mowed above this height. In addition, it lowers the quality of the grass increasing the possibility of damage. Zoysia requires a mowing height between 1.5” and 2.5” based on your particular variety. A safe bet would be around 2”. Centipede needs to be cut low around 1” to 1.75” to perform well. St Augustine requires a mowing height of 1.75” and 2.25”.

Quick Reference

  • Bermuda – 0.5” to 1.5”
  • Centipede – 1” to 1.75”
  • Fescue – 3.5” to 4”
  • St Augustine – 1.75” to 2.25”
  • Zoysia – 1.5” to 2.5”

Poa annua vs. Crabgrass

Fairway Green has been receiving many calls from customers and non-customers concerned that they have Crabgrass in their lawn. However, in most cases it is Poa annua they are seeing not Crabgrass. Due to the slight increase in ground temperatures this spring, Poa annua has made itself known a little earlier in Fescue lawns. Poa annua does a good job of blending into Fescue until it starts to seed.


Poa Annua

Poa annua (Annual Bluegrass) is an annual grass that is most noticeable this time of year because of the large amount of tan colored seed heads the plant is producing now. Poa annua actually germinates in the fall starting in late August through the winter; the same time you seed Fescue in this area. This is why pre-emergent applications for Crabgrass in January, February and early spring do not control Poa annua. Poa annua was mature when the pre-emergent applications were applied. Poa annua will generally end its life cycle in Late May and June. It is a prolific seeder and seed is generally viable the following year. It typically grows in areas that have poor compact soil and where your desired turf is thin or nonexistent. However, being it is a common grassy weed in our area; it can be found anywhere, even in the middle of the yard.

Mosquito Control Program

Fairway Green will start the Mosquito Control Program in May. Applications will offer control for about 25 days. Safely enjoy the outdoors this summer with Fairway Green’s Mosquito Control Program. A one-time application is available and is great for special outdoor events.

Scale Insect on Camelia

Now is a good time to inspect your ornamentals for signs of insect activity. Scale is an insect that is present year round. However, spring can be a good time to start controlling some Scale while they are in the nymphs (crawling) stage. Scale crawling stage is when they are most vulnerable to contact insecticides before they produce their hard outer coating. Scale is one of the most difficult insects to control on ornamental trees and shrubs.


Scale Insect on Camelia


Scale Insect on Camelia

Irrigation System

This is a good time of year to get your irrigation system tuned up if you decide to water the lawn this year. Irrigation systems, while very helpful promoting turf health, can be difficult to maintain and setup. Poorly set up systems can waste water and possibly do little to help the turf. We recommend Agape irrigation to help with your irrigation needs. If you require help with setup, winterizing or repair, give them a call. 919-672-2509